What is an energy monitoring system?
An energy monitoring system is a type of system that measures and displays energy consumption in real-time. It is typically used in industrial, commercial, and residential settings to monitor and control energy usage. Energy monitoring systems can measure a variety of electrical parameters such as voltage, current, power, energy, and so on to provide users with data about their consumption patterns so they can make informed energy management decisions and maximize savings.
An energy monitoring system typically consists of the following components:
- Sensors: These are the devices that measure electrical parameters such as voltage, current, power, and energy. Sensors can be installed on electrical circuits or devices to measure energy consumption.
- Meter: This is the device that receives the measurement values from the sensors and displays them in a digital format. The meter can be a standalone device or it can be integrated into a control panel or enclosure.
- Display: This is the device or interface that displays the measurement values in real-time. The display can be a digital panel meter, a computer screen, a mobile app, or any other device that can show the measurement values.
- Communications: This is the network or interface that connects the sensors, meter, and display. The communications system can be a wired or wireless network, and it can use different protocols such as Modbus, BACnet, and so on.
An intelligent energy monitoring system can flag any faults in real-time, and indicate what energy-saving measures can solve the problem. Moreover, it can provide Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), such as patterns relating to specific areas of energy consumption, the intensity of energy usage, and other indicators that can be of use in setting energy targets.
How does an energy monitoring system work?
Here is how an energy monitoring system works:
- The sensors installed on the electrical circuits or devices measure the electrical parameters such as voltage, current, power, and energy.
- The sensors transmit the measurement values to the meter using the communications system.
- The meter receives the measurement values and displays them on its display.
- The display shows the measurement values in real-time, allowing the user to monitor and control energy consumption.
- The user can adjust the settings of the energy monitoring system as needed, such as changing the measurement units, ranges, and other parameters.
Overall, an energy monitoring system is a valuable tool for monitoring and controlling energy consumption in industrial, commercial, and residential settings. It can help save energy, reduce costs, and improve efficiency.